Vladimir Putin is Russia’s longest-serving leader since Joseph Stalin and perhaps the strongest one as well. On August 9, 1999, he was appointed acting prime minister by then-President Boris Yeltsin. He has been in office as president or prime minister ever since, a period spanning more than two decades. Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952 into a working-class family in Leningrad, now called Saint Petersburg. Putin revealed in his biography section of the Kremlin’s website that, “I come from an ordinary family, and this is how I lived for a long time, nearly my whole life. I lived as an average, normal person and I have always maintained that connection”.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was raised in shared housing as an only child after his two brothers died in childhood, one at birth and one during the 900-day Nazi siege. As a teen, Vladimir attended a school that was tend to be popular for Leningrad’s most intelligent students, where he developed an interest in martial arts . Later he attended Leningrad State University to study civil law. In 1974, He became Leningrad’s judo champion the year before he graduated, and was offered a job with the KGB when he completed his education. He was trained in Moscow. He studied languages and earned a judo black belt.
In 1985, he was sent to East Germany as a spy to fulfill his duties. In 1989, after the downfall of the Berlin Wall he returned home and took on a job at his old university along with his intelligence work, and became reacquainted with his former law professor Anatoly A Sobchak, chairperson of the city council. Several politicians described Vladimir Putin as a “determined, young man at that time. To peruse his political career, he quit the KGB. In 1996, when Sobchak lost a re-election campaign, Vladimir was asked to join President Boris Yeltsin’s administration at the Kremlin before being chosen to head Federal Security Service (the successor to KGB) in 1998.
On August 9, 1999, Yeltsin named him as prime minister. Though Vladimir, the fifth to take the position in a year and a half, didn’t imagine to last long, four months later President Yeltsin resigned and named his prime minister as replacement. Under the Russian constitution, open elections were to be held after three months and Putin was the favourite to win. It came as no astonishment that he rejected to debate and said that he would not run campaign to sell himself. He stated that”People in the executive should prove their worth by concrete deeds and not advertising. Advertising is all about what is best, Tampax or Snickers. I’m not going to occupy myself with that.” His wife Lyudmila and his two teen daughters, Katya and Maria supported his election campaign and it worked out. In late March in 2000, Putin won first presidential election. He was re-elected in 2004.
In 2008, Putin stepped down at the end of his second term as constitutionally obligation handing influence to Dmitry Medvedev. He became prime minister. In May 2012, Putin resumed as president amid exceptional opposition objections. In March 2014, Russia seized the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea, flashing the poorest diplomatic crisis between Russia and the West since the Cold War. In March, 2018 Putin was re-elected president for a fourth term. Under Putin, Russia has developed as a centralized state and has returned as a global player, competing with the United States for power and line up itself with China in order to try to make a post-West global order.
In 2000, Russia was a pluralist but financially struggling state that had mainly withdrawn from global ambitions. Putin was strongminded to reinstate Russia to its fair role, as he saw it as a great power. It is indisputable that under Putin Russia reinstated actual sovereignty. The quick growth of oil prices in the 2000s permitted the country to make the change to economic development on the new capitalist foundation shaped in the 1990s and free itself from exterior financial dependence. The nationalization is a noteworthy part of Russia’s oil industry in the mid-2000s shaped a basis for a synchronized energy policy. The armed forces reforms also carried out in the first half of the 2010s. Steady support for Putin from the majority of the population safeguarded the system’s constancy, while the power vertical delivered a mechanism for the president to use his political will. It is similarly clear that at the outset of the 21st century Russia successfully reclaimed for itself the status of a great power under the supervision of Vladimir Putin.