US exercises policy based on Appreciation, Threats & Endorsement of Stance, The United States is blowing hot and cold towards Pakistan at the same time; policy of endorsement of stance, threats as well as appreciation is being exercised by the US towards Pakistan. On one side, Secretary of State John Kerry in a meeting with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif expressed concern over the brutalities and human rights violations being committed in occupied Kashmir.
According to a statement issued by Spokesperson for the United States Department of State, John Kirby said that John Kerry and Nawaz Sharif exchanged views on Afghanistan and the regional situation as well as strategic dialogue between Pakistan and the United States. Both individuals also spoke about the importance of USA-Pakistan relations.
Kerry praised efforts of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in improving the economy of Pakistan and also welcomed Pakistan’s cooperation with regard to climate change, according to Kirby. He also paid tribute to Pakistan for hosting Afghan refugees for the past forty years. Kerry praised Pakistani armed forces for their efforts in rooting out militancy and fighting terrorism. John Kirby stated that during the Nawaz-Kerry meeting, the latter placed special emphasis and importance on limiting the nuclear program.
Violence in Kashmir has taken a turn for the worse after the assassination of freedom fighter Burhan Wani, by Indian security forces. More than one hundred civilians have been martyred and thousands have been injured after demonstrations and protests broke out in occupied Kashmir. On the other side, two United States lawmakers moved a bill in Congress seeking designation of Pakistan as a ‘state sponsor of terrorism’. The bill titled the Pakistan State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation Act was introduced by Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Terrorism Ted Poe and Congressman Dana Rohrabacher at a time when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is in the US to address the United Nations General Assembly.
Congressman Poe termed Pakistan an “untrustworthy ally” which he alleged “has also aided and abetted enemies of the US for years”. “From harbouring Osama bin Laden to its cosy relationship with the Haqqani network, there is more than enough evidence to determine whose side Pakistan is on in the War on Terror. And it’s not America’s.” “It is time we stop paying Pakistan for its betrayal and designate it for what it is: a state sponsor of terrorism,” the lawmaker said.
The bill asked the US President Barack Obama to issue a report within 90 days of passage of the bill detailing whether or not Pakistan has provided support for ‘international terrorism’. “Thirty days after that, the Secretary of State must issue a follow-up report containing either a determination that Pakistan is state sponsor of terrorism or a detailed justification as to why Pakistan does not meet the legal criteria for designation. Congressman Dana Rohrabacher has a history of making anti-Pakistan moves in the Congress but has not always been successful in achieving his objectives.
But on the same day in Pakistan, the United States–Pakistan Defense Consultative Group expressed satisfaction over the bilateral security partnership’s critical role in degrading Al Qaida and other violent extremists in the region. Both the countries also recognized the sacrifices of Pakistan’s security forces in securing areas along the Pakistan Afghanistan border.
At the 25th meeting of the United States-Pakistan Defense Consultative Group (DCG) held here, Pakistan re-affirmed commitment to take action against all terrorists and violent extremists without discrimination. United States reiterated its support for the Armed Forces of Pakistan in their ongoing operations in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), including North Waziristan, and recognized the progress made in disrupting militant networks that has helped enhance security on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. Pakistan’s delegation was led by Defense Secretary Lieutenant General (Retired) Zamir Ul Hassan Shah and the U.S. delegation was led by Principal Deputy Under-Secretary of Defense for Policy Ambassador David B. Shear. The delegates recognized the centrality of the U.S.– Pakistan bilateral security partnership to their overall bilateral relationship and acknowledged that continued cooperation remains vital to promoting peace, security and stability in the region and beyond. The United States acknowledged the progress made by Pakistan’s Armed Forces in operation Zarb-e-Azb. Pakistan side also expressed its support and desire for stability in Afghanistan, which remains a high priority objective for Pakistan as well. United States appreciated significant contributions made by Armed Forces of Pakistan in promoting maritime security in the North Arabian Sea and Horn of Africa through its consistent participation in the U.S.–led Combined Maritime Forces, and recognized the Pakistan Navy for assuming command of Combined Task Force-150 operations. Continuing support for bilateral and regional exercises, security assistance, operational re-imbursements and stability activities also came under discussion during the meeting. U.S. delegation noted Pakistan’s positive efforts to counter threats from Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). To bolster this cooperation, both sides agreed to continue working together to build counter–IED capacity. The delegation reaffirmed that the DCG remains an invaluable forum to discuss strategic defense policy issues and exchange views on shared security concerns. They committed to work towards deepening their strong and longstanding defense partnership. Joint statement was signed by the delegation heads at the end.