Blue economy is an emerging and a well-known idea which rotates around defending the world’s seas and proficiently utilizing of water assets for sustainable development and improvement. The notion at its center alludes to advance use of sea assets for financial development, social consideration, and the protection of occupations while simultaneously guaranteeing natural sustainability of the seas and seaside regions. It includes numerous activities like fisheries, tourism, climate change, renewable energy, maritime infrastructure, food and energy, waste management, maritime transport and so forth. Many countries around the globe are gaining benefits by utilizing their blue assets. It includes USA, Japan, China, Bangladesh, India and so forth. Even the neighboring countries of Pakistan like India, China and Bangladesh have utilized their marine resources optimally and are continuing to do so.
Pakistan is blessed essentially with natural harbors, immense coastline, blue assets, continuous ocean exchange and skilled labor and so forth. The country is bestowed with both land and sea. Indeed the nation has more sea region than land accessible for use. Pakistan was utilizing its 1000 km coastline and warm water ocean ports for its advantage till 1970s. It was in during that time that Pakistan fostered the world’s most proficient shipbreaking yard Gadani, set up many shipbreaking organizations and was effectively funded into aqua culture along the coast. But for the past few decades, Pakistan has dismissed its responsibilities towards this area. As of now Pakistan experiences “ocean visual deficiency” and is disregarding this gold mine of the state and is costing itself a lot of loss. In Pakistan, the administrations have not given satisfactory consideration in the advancement of ocean economy. The potential is still there yet the vision has yet to be.
Under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, the Sino-Pak Blue Association is required to advance the development of the oceanic economy of Pakistan. Pakistan is going through the primary stages of a blue financial growth and can profit a tremendously from the blue economy. A 1050 km long coastline and the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) with 290000 sq. km of ocean zone guarantee Pakistan with priceless undiscovered and neglected fish stocks, minerals, hydrocarbon assets and other marine assets. Pakistan’s oceanic zone has enormous capability of development yet needs great approaches and long-term funding for sustainable growth. The geostrategic placement gives Pakistan a significant place in the changing dynamic of the India Ocean and if this capability is used to its greatest then Pakistan can transform its huge ocean zone into a focal point of marine economy in the district.
The sea section of Pakistan is viewed as the jugular vein of the economy on the grounds that practically 95% of its exchange and 100% assets and minerals are being imported through the ocean route (Port Qasim, Gwadar and Karachi). Pakistan’s yearly income from the sea economy is simply 450 million dollar but the real capability of Pakistan’s ocean economy is more than 100 billion dollar. Monetary specialists assume that if the blue assets are appropriately used, this area can make more than 1,000,000 occupations in Pakistan. Furthermore, the blue economy of Pakistan will improve the livelihoods, ocean ecosystem health and will bring enormous job opportunities.
Pakistan has a tremendous potential in the fishery business, the value of fares almost $2 billion. The Pakistan’s fisheries sector is assuming an imperative part in the public pay and public food supply which gives almost 1.5 million works straightforwardly along with subordinate ventures indirectly. Besides, shipbreaking can likewise contribute in improving the economy of the country. Shipbreaking is alluded to as vessels reusing measure when a boat finishes its life tenure. Unstable ships are hindering the ocean and the climate in the struggle for the idea of sea economy. Breaking of old boats is a necessary requirement for the ocean borne exchange to proceed for the predictable period. The shipbreaking business gives a large number of occupations to destitute and jobless individuals of the seaside regions. Additionally, this industry is a primary source of steel creation and iron metals to the developing business and framework. This industry satisfies the nation’s 4,000,000 tones steel necessity and can possibly satisfy significantly more. Whenever used to its maximum capacity the shipbreaking yard of Gadani has the ability to create 9.8 million by separating hundred or more ordinary estimated vessel. In the event that the vessels are VLC, Pakistani yard has the limit of creating billions through this industry yearly. This industry can possibly make one million employment opportunities for Pakistan. Presently it accounts 1.6 billion rupees in charges. The public authority of Pakistan and particularly the administration of Baluchistan need to expand its assistance in supporting this immense resource of Pakistan.
Furthermore, tourism via sea and ocean can also uplift the blue economy of Pakistan. Normally, the travel industry produces around 5% of public GDP, while the beach tourism in Pakistan is a great deal to discover. In Pakistan, Kund Malir, a desert beach which was found in Baluchistan recently received immediate recognition by the world because of its charming beauty. Such tourism has attracted foreign sightseers to explore Pakistan; celebrities such as Eva Zu Beck and numerous other overseas travel vloggers have visited Pakistan and covered the country in a highly brand approach manner. This has directly and indirectly contributed to the travel industry of Pakistan. The world currently views Pakistan as a protected spot. There are in excess of 10 seashore spots in Pakistan that have been found. Pakistan is a country which has attractive beaches along its coastline. If the spots near the coastline are well constructed by the administration then it can contribute more than four million dollars to the national economy. Moreover, if the government constructs restaurants and other tourist spots under the sea then it will bring national and international tourists which will help in boosting the economy of the nation without damaging the environment. Moreover, the water sports can also contribute to a great deal.
Though, Pakistan has direct access to the ocean but it has not made use of the sea and its assets to attain full benefits because of the absence of maritime awareness. Pakistan’s economy is lacking behind. Thus, it needs to focus on the improvement of its blue economy to have a sustainable economic growth because the future of Pakistan is attached with the development of its blue economy. A widely inclusive strategy on sea sector by the Government of Pakistan can lead the country towards prosperity. The Pakistan government and relevant authorities need to reexamine the strategies of the oceanic sector of the country and highlight the important issues and difficulties in the primary areas of the sea business of Pakistan and should work on them. Additionally, the public authority needs to look at the involvement of the key partners, local individuals, common society’s individuals, and public and global NGO’s and financial backers, which play a significant part in the development of blue Pakistan.
In spite of the fact that Pakistan has begun pursuing the blue economy yet the idea of reasonable development and improvement must be accomplished when political leaders would exhibit seriousness and a solid will towards this area. Pakistan needs to contribute scholarly and material assets. Issues like lack of frameworks, red-tapism inside the framework, regulatory jug necks, territorial instability in Baluchistan, absence of coordination among divisions and services should be corrected. Widely inclusive policies ought to be presented and deliberate endeavors, little or huge, ought to be made encompassing the blue economy.
Pakistan being in its initial phase of a blue economy sits with the great potential to achieve its fullest by using blue assets in an appropriate ways. This is only possible if the country speeds up its process by coordinating with other sectors. The Minister of Maritime Affairs, Syed Ali Haider Zaidi said that “the potential, ministry conveys in regards to turning Pakistan from a debt trapped country to a prosperous and debt free nation can only be harnessed by giving it the due importance and authority.”