Pakistan Among Regional Economic Superpowers

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SCO Membership

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCQ) has called for an expansion in cooperation in the existing potential among member states especially in the economic, financial, strategic, security and other relevant sectors. At the platform of 17th SCO Summit held in Astana member countries that political and diplomatic means were the “only choice to settle regional con Fliers. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by title Republic of SCO Full Membership: Pakistan among Regional Economic Super Powers Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, tile Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan. It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St. Petersburg SCQ Heads of State meeting in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003. This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organization’s goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities. The SCO’s main goals are as follows: strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states; promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability to the region; and moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order. SCQ leaders have signed 10 other documents, including a convention on combating extremism and a declaration on the joint fight against international terrorism. In a joint communique issued after their annual summit in Kazakhstan, the presidents of six countries, namely China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan agreed to enhance the SCQ’s role as an efficient and comprehensive regional bloc, so as to promote multilateralism and a community of shared destiny for mankind. Astana Declaration reflects the consolidated approaches of the member states to the further development of the SCQ, counter terrorism, the agreed assessments on key international problems, importance of creating a more equitable, polycentric model of tile world order that meets the interests of all states, rights, the principles of mutual respect and consideration of each other’s interests.