Kyrgyzstan, formally the Kyrgyz Republic, otherwise called Kirghizia (in Russian), is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. Bishkek is the capital and biggest city of Kyrgyzstan.
Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, Kyrgyzstan has been at the crossroads of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road and its history spans a variety of cultures and empires. Between times of self-government it was controlled by Göktürks, the Uyghur Empire and the Khitan public, prior to being vanquished by the Mongols in the thirteenth century; Kalmyk’s, Manchus and Uzbeks attacked its recaptured independence. In 19th and 20th century, regional politics remained predominated with Soviet’s Socialism until 1990’s when Askar Akayev was chosen as the President. This multicolored history and mountainous terrain of the country is the most cherishing thing for tourists visiting Kyrgyzstan.
Bishkek Capital of Kyrgyzstan
Bishkek is the best place to begin one’s journey in Kyrgyzstan because the city is a beautiful mix of modern cosmopolitanism with a shade of Kyrgyz culture, Soviet architecture, mountains and parks etc. In 2018, the British Backpacker Society ranked Kyrgyzstan as the fifth best adventure travel destination on earth, stating that the country was an adventure travel secret that is “bound to get out soon”. In the cities of Kyrgyzstan, there are many Soviet-style buildings, National Parks, a collection of trendy and popular cafes, spacious markets and colourful mosques.
Lake Issyk-Kul and the Tian Shan mountains are relatively popular tourist destinations.
National Geographic named eight wild places in Kyrgyzstan that are recommended for tourists to visit.
Ala Archa National Park – It is located 40 kilometres from Bishkek. One of the most famous natural areas in the country. From the Kyrgyz language, “ala-archa” is translated as “motley juniper” – this plant is used by the local population to protect housing from evil spirits.
Köl-Suu – In the highlands near the border with China there is a lake. To get there, you need four hours by car from Naryn, and then get on foot or on horseback.
Lenin Peak – Located on the border with Tajikistan. This seven-thousand is one of the most famous peaks in Kyrgyzstan. Experienced climbers try to conquer it every year.
Arslanbob – One of the largest walnut forests in the world. First, interested settlers in the III century BC, and today attracts tourists from different countries.
Ala-Kul – Located in the snowy mountain range of Teskey Ala-Too at an altitude of 3532 meters. You can get there only on foot – it will take more than one day.
Tash Rabat – At one time, this historic building served as the main parking lot for merchants and caravans following the Great Silk Road. A caravanserai was built in a valley between the mountains of At-Bashi. Today, tourists can get here for a small fee. Nearby there are hiking trails leading to the lake and Chatyr-Kul Nature Reserve.
Canyon Fairy Tale – This area is on the southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul. The canyon was formed as a result of thousands of years of ice, water and wind erosion.
Most of the tourists visit Kyrgyzstan with an aim to enjoy the natural beauty and organic foods of the country. Currently, there are several efforts to promote “eco-friendly” tourism in Kyrgyzstan. Helvetia’s, a Swiss cultural development organization, sponsored several projects of this sort, including “Shepard’s Life,” and “Community Based Tourism.” Kyrgyzstan is also part of the Regional Initiative to promote tourism in South Asia, Central Asia and Eastern Europe.