Pakistan’s National Food Security Policy 2018 aims at promoting sustainable food production systems by an average growth rate of four percent with goals of improving food availability, accessibility and sustainability.
The key goals of the policy are to make agriculture more productive, competitive and climate-friendly along with diversifying the food systems for nutritious diets. The policy intends to improve food availability by bridging yield gaps, supporting kitchen gardening and farmers with new high-value crops. Similarly, better availability of agriculture inputs with qualitative seeds, pesticides along with management and reduction cost of agriculture loans.
According to the policy, despite a huge population of 72m cattle, Pakistan imports dry milk and other dairy products. The policy aims to improve livestock production of local breeds, fodder production and quality animal feed along with investment in dairy farming and disease surveillance and control. Minister for National Food Security and Research Sikandar Hayat Khan Bosan launched the policy, which was approved by the federal cabinet a few weeks ago.
Bosan said a long consultative process and delay in formal approval by the cabinet were the reasons why the policy was unveiled so late. The policy envisages 4% annual growth in food production, including crops, livestock and fisheries and will help make the agriculture sector more productive, profitable, competitive and resilient to climate change. Highlighting the high production of major crops, Bosan said wheat, rice, sugarcane, potato, and onions were not only available in abundance in the country but were also being exported. “All essential crops and commodities have been in surplus for the past few years,” he said, adding the growth in production would be sustained. The policy document, he hoped, would provide a mechanism to address all four components of food security which included food availability, accessibility, utilisation, and stability.
The policy framework is aimed at improving farmers’ access to seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and credit flow, and addressing land and water management issues. As part of the policy, the National Food Security Council will be established under the chairmanship of prime minister in which all chief ministers and other officials will periodically review the state of food security and take policy measures. Highlighting the steps taken to reduce the cost of production, especially for small farmers, Bosan said the government had abolished 17% general sales tax (GST) on fertilizers, imposed a uniform 2% tax and reduced duties on pesticides. GST on tractors has been slashed from 17% to 5%. Bosan said the government was also working to produce short-duration seeds to cope with the impact of climate change. He acknowledged the problems being faced by sugarcane growers at the hands of sugar millers as well as the problems arising from the mushrooming of sugar mills in the cotton belt. He, however, emphasized both these issues fell within the domain of provincial governments.
After the I8th Constitution Amendment, provinces enforced the Sugar Control Act and awarded No-Objection Certificates for setting up sugar mills. He said the Pakistan Central Cotton Committee, which had been under the Ministry of Agriculture, was placed under the Textile Division after the Agriculture Ministry was devolved to provinces under the 18th Amendment.
The committee had recently been placed back under the Food Security Ministry on hopes that the reshuffle would help revive the committee’s role in cotton production. National Food Security Secretary Fazal Abbas Maken said procurement of agriculture produce was always a tightrope walk for the government as on the one hand, it had to give a good price to the farmers, but on the other, it had to keep the price low for consumers. He said the dilemma could be tackled by increasing productivity so that farmers could benefit even if the product was not priced high.
Published in Melange Intl. Magazin in July 2018.