Increasing global warming caused by greenhouse effects and its subsequent impacts pose grave threats to the entire world. According to latest data, temperature in the mountain region is increasing by 0.05 degree Celsius annually. It has been supposed that the temperature in mountainous area would increase by 1 degree Celsius to 2 degree Celsius by 2030.
Therefore, there is a dire need of taking timely interventions to minimise the impact of climate change on the hemisphere; mountains, glaciers and other climatic segments.
Now it is quite evident that increasing atmospheric temperature had caused rampant snow melting and mountains were in the gradual process of turning into just rocky hills. This situation is dangerous for the entire mountain ecosystem. Mountaineering tourism is certain to be severely hit by this. Some settlements in the mountain region are in the need of relocation, following the water crisis there.
After the 2015 April earthquake in nepal, natural water sources in the high areas have changed the evolution points. It was the immediate need of the hour to come up with short and long-term interventions to respond to impact, of climate change and to mitigate them. According to experts the temperature in the mountain region has increased as mountains get direct sunlight and heat soon after the sun rise as well as experience heat during night. No study has been carried out so far regarding the climate change impact on mountaineering and trekking tourism. Rapid industrialization in India and China has caused environmental impact in mountaineering area of Nepal which has also added challenges to protect water sources.
More than 41 million people have been battling floods and displacement in South Asia. More than 1,300 people have died in Bangladesh, India and Nepal in recent months, after the region was hit by the worst flooding in at least 40 years. Some 40 million more people have seen their homes, businesses or crops destroyed.
In the coming decade, devastating floods are expected to increase as changing weather patterns worsen risks in the region, climate researchers say. Flooding accounted for 47 percent of all weather-related global disasters between 1995 and 2015, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction said in a report. Of the 2.3 billion people affected, 95 percent were in Asia, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan
Thirty to 40 percent of those killed were children. Vast swaths of farmland have been destroyed. In Bangladesh, a third of the country is underwater. In Nepal, local residents said entire villages have been destroyed.
On the 11th of August, some massive rains hit Nepal and about 20 inches of rain in 40 hours resultantly flooded Nepal and Assam. They moved into India and then finally towards Bangladesh, inundating large areas of land. South Asia has about 40% of the world’s poorest people. Most of these poor people live in flood-affected areas. And most of them are dependent on agriculture and the environment for their livelihoods. Thus, there was a massive loss of lives, houses, rice fields, and animals which changed the life of poor people.
There is deep connection between recent floods and climate change because the Himalayas, is a hot spot for climate change. Temperature here rise faster at higher elevations. So, if we’re seeing a 2-degree world in the future, as we hope for, it might be 3 or 4 degrees up high on the mountains. It is for this reason we see glaciers melting already due to climate change.
But the real problem is the effects on, monsoon patterns which is hugely important for the region. The climate science tells more extreme events, more floods and droughts in the future are hovering on the horizons. In the future, the entire world especially South Asia are bound to see more events like this, and even worse, due to climate change.
Now, in addition to that, who bears the brunt of that climate change? It is the poor people as seen in the most recent floods.
It is seen that in most cases it is the people who have no hand in emitting greenhouse gases who suffer the most whereas all these responsible for it go scott-free.
The irony of the modern would is evident by the way Donald Trump has behaved towards this facts.
Pummeling the Caribbean, heading to the US while Houston was underwater, but the US President Donald Trump in front of a refinery, celebrated the fact that he had pulled the country out of the Paris Climate accord in Mandan, North Dakota. The pulling of the US out of the Paris climate accord was certainly bad news.
In this scenario, world needs to come together as Paris Climate accord was doing a lot for the world and people at large. Being a historically greatest greenhouse gas emitter the US has responsibility to take measures to control the devastations of climate change because nations and countries who are emitting greenhouse gases are indeed impacting glaciers, impacting the weather system at a global level. So there is a shared responsibility to do something about that, as well.