Allama Iqbal was not only a great poet but was also a renowned philosopher and political leader of his time. Allama Iqbal served the people through his innumerable qualities of leadership. He will be remembered by the nation forever for his glorious services relating to the formation of Pakistan in particular and the creation of harmony and tolerance in the society in general through the elimination of sectarianism according to the teachings of Islam.
While Allama Iqbal was studying in England and Germany, his attitude towards many questions underwent a profound change. Iqbal went to England as a nationalist but returned as a Muslim nationalist and pan-Islamist. The changes were partly due to his research in the history of Islamic mysticism. He wrote a thesis on “Development of Metaphysics in Persia” for his Ph. D degree and, during his studies, came to the conclusion that Tasawwuf and no solid, historical foundation in original Islam.
He took an active part in politics after completion of his higher studies at the Munich University of Germany. He awoke the Muslims of South Asia through his poetry. The nation is proud of Allama Iqbal as he not only gave the concept of Pakistan but also utilized his poetic genius for the realization of his aim. He holds a status of great honor in the eyes of the nation for his unique role, which he played in the struggle of freedom movement side-by-side of the Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah and other active Muslim leaders.
The far-sighted vision of Allama Iqbal inspired and guided the Muslims of the subcontinent to the way of independence. He worked very hard day and night for the promotion of the Pakistan Movement. He utilized his entire capabilities for the betterment of Muslims in every field of life. He laid stress on the Muslims of the subcontinent to remain united at the platform of the Muslim League to reach the destination of freedom. He proved through his relentless efforts that he was not only our national poet but was also a great reformer of the Muslims of the subcontinent.
Allama Iqbal was the first leader of South Asia who presented a comprehensive partition scheme of India at the 21st session of the All-India Muslim League held at Allahabad on 29th December 1930.
This scheme made him very popular at that time. He expressed his point of view that a Muslim State is formed in those areas where the Muslims were in majority so that they could live therein according to the tenets of Islam. He argued that India is a continent of human groups where they belong to different races, speak different languages and profess different religions. Their behavior is not all determined by a common consciousness. He concluded that The Muslim demand for the creation of a Muslim homeland is, therefore, perfectly justified. He earmarked that Sindh, Punjab, the NWFP, and Balochistan be amalgamated into a single Muslim State for completion of his heartfelt desire.
According to historical records, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah went to England after the failure of Hindu-Muslim unity. In the meantime, Allama Iqbal also went to England in 1931 to participate in the Roundtable Conference being the representative of the Muslims of the subcontinent, which unfortunately failed. It was a great achievement of Allama Iqbal that he persuaded the Quaid at that time to return to India from England and join the Muslim League for the cause of the oppressed Muslims of the subcontinent. Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah did so in the light of his advice and became a permanent member of the Muslim League in 1934.
Since then, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah took up the cause of Allama Iqbal, which he gave in his historical address of Allahabad for a separate Muslim State. Mr. Jinnah pleaded his cause with great courage at every front and gave it a proper practical shape through Pakistan Resolution. In this sense, Iqbal is called the Founder of the Pakistan Resolution. The message of Iqbal gave courage to the people at the critical stage to overcome their despondency and hopelessness to win the battle of freedom. It was due to his strenuous effort that the people gathered under the banner of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah which led to the ultimate creation of Pakistan. It is a matter of great misfortune that Allama Iqbal died before the completion of his mission on 21st April 1937 and could not see the creation of Pakistan during his life.